This is a summary of the Sunnah acts of Eid. In it I gathered only the actions to be performed on Eid day including the End salah using Mufti Taqi Uthmani’s book ‘Islamic months’ as the base.
The following acts are sunnah on the day of Eid-ul-Adha:
- To wake up early in the morning
- To clean ones teeth with a miswaak or brush
- To take a bath
- To don one’s best clothing available
- To apply perfume
- Not to eat¹ before Eid prayer
- To recite the Takbir of Tashriq in a loud² voice whilst going to End Salah
How to perform Eid prayer:
How many rak’at?
The Eid prayer consists of only two rak’ats, lead by the Imam. As narrated by ‘Umar (may Allaah be pleased with him): “The prayer of al-Fitr is two rak’ahs and the prayer of al-Adha is two rak’ahs, complete and not shortened, on the tongue of your Prophet, and the one who fabricates lies is doomed.”³
How to pray the Salah?
The Eid prayer has six Takbirs, of them three are said in the first rak’at and three just before the ruku in the second rak’at.
- The imam will begin the Salah without adman or iqamah. He will begin the prayer with taker of Tahrimah (Allahu Akbar)
- You should raise your hands unto your ears, and after reciting Taker you should place your hands on your navel
- The Imam will remain silent for sometime, during this time one should recite the Thana (Tubhanaka Allahumma)
- After the Thana the Imam will callout the first three takbir’s
- After the first two calls of takbir you should raise your hands up to your ears and recite takbir softly. Make sure to leave your arms down, earthwards after the takbir.
- But after the third takbir, place your hands on your navel.
- The Imam will then recite ayahs from the Quran, upon which you should remain silent. The rest of the rak’at will be performed in the normal way.
- During the second rak’at the Imam will begin the recitation from the Quran. After completing his recitation he will recite takbir thrice, once again. Keep In mind this will be just before going down to ruku.
- After each taker raise your hands to your ears and release them facing earthwards.
- After the three takbir’s have been called out, the Imam will recite a fourth takbir for ruku, upon which you do not need to raise your hands.
- The rest of the salah will be prayed in its usual manner.
It is crucial that one listens to the Kuthbah for Eid salah as it is Wajib. It is also necessary that one remains silent and calm for the sermon so that they may absorb and reflect on what the Imam is saying.
One of the rulings of Eid is that the prayer comes before the khutbah, because of the hadeeth of Jaabir ibn ‘Abd-Allah who said, The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) came out on the day of al-Fitr and started with the prayer before the khutbah. 5
Another indication that the khutbah comes after the prayer is the hadeeth of Abu Sa’eed (may Allah be pleased with him) who said: The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) used to come out to the prayer place on the day of al-Fitr and al-Adha, and the first thing he would start with was the prayer, then he would go and stand facing the people, while the people were sitting in their rows, and he would preach to them and advise them and command them. If he wanted to send out a military expedition he would do so and if he wanted to tell the people to do something he would do so, then he would leave.
- It is Mustahab that one eats only after they return from Eid salah
- only applicable for men
- Narrated by al-Nasaa’i, 1420 and Ibn Khuzaymah. Classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Nasaa’i.
- Women should place their hands on their chest
- Narrated by al-Bukhari, 958; Muslim, 885.