This is a summary of the law of Hajj in accordance to the Hanafi school. In it I gathered only the conditions and requirements of Hajj using Nur al-Idah as the base.
All praise be to Allah, to whom we owe a “pilgrimage to the house, whoever is able to find the way”1. Peace and blessings be upon his messenger Muhammad ﷺ who said “an accepted hajj will receive no less a reward than paradise”2. And blessings be upon his companions who followed suit. Everything comes from Allah and to him we shall return. The pilgrimage to the house of Allah is a duty upon every Muslim. Remember Allah, and he will remember you in the hereafter. Allahu akbar. Allahu akbar. La ilaha illallah. Allahu akbar. Allahu akbar wa lillahil-hamd.
Linguistically Hajj means to aspire to do something great; legislatively, Hajj is to perform specific actions at an appointed time in a selected place. The selected place being, the sacred house of Allah in Makkah tul Mukaramah and the plain of Arafat. It’s specific actions being tawaf of the House of Allah, the pace walking between Safa and Marwa 3 and ones presence at Arafat.
And as for the appointed times of Hajj, also referred to as Ashhur-e-Hajj- Shawaal, Zul Qadhah and Zul Hijjah. For “Hajj the months are well known”4; and indeed the Prophet ﷺ clarified this further to his companions and in what the companions narrated from him: “The year contains twelve months of which four are sacred 5, three of them consecutive, viz. Dhul-Qa’dah, Dhul-Hijjah and Muharram and also Rajab of Mudar which comes between Jumadah and Sha’ban.”6 La ilaha illallah. Allahu akbar. Allahu akbar wa lillahil-hamd.
So who is Hajj mandatory upon. It is to be performed once in a lifetime by a Muslim who is mature, sane, free who possess enough provisions and has financial means to endure the journey. The pre-requisites for Hajj are three. Sound health; this is for the body to be free from any form of ailment that will prevent one from performing the ascribed actions of hajj. The old and crippled; those who are weak and suffer a chronic illness. It is a condition that the route to Makkah is safe for the pilgrim; and a factor that a female must be accompanied by a mahram. La ilaha illallah. Allahu akbar. Allahu akbar wa lillahil-hamd.
The pillars of are Hajj two, if incomplete hajj will not be accepted. The first being standing at Arafah, even for a moment. In regard to which, the Prophet ﷺ said: “Hajj is ‘Arafat, the Hajj is ‘Arafat, the Hajj is ‘Arafat.” 7 The time of standing begins when the sun declines from the meridian on the 9th of Zul Hijjah till the next dawn, 10th of Zul Hijjah. The second is to perform Tawaaf al-Ziyarah. To perform these seven circuits seals ones hajj and satisfies the completion of the pillar. La ilaha illallah. Allahu akbar. Allahu akbar wa lillahil-hamd.
The wajibaat’s 8 of hajj are eight. The first element is standing at Muzdalifah, even for a moment. The second is to perform sa’y, performing seven circuits beginning at safa and ending at marwa. Remember the third, stoning the Jamrahs 9; which are three in total, the first known as jamarah al-kubrah, the second known as jamarah al-wusta and the third, jamarah al-aqabah; all which needs to be done during the days of nahr 10 and tashriq.11
The fourth requirement is tawaf-e-sadr, also known as tawaf-e-wida (farewell tawaaf). Which is wajib on all other than those who reside in Makkah. The fifth is to shave or cut the hair. Only after concluding the stoning of jamarah al-aqabah on the 10th of dhul hijjah, all which needs to be done between the boundaries of the Haram and Makkah.
The sixth requisite is to adopt Ihram. And to adopt it from one of the miqaat 12 sites. The seventh, for the male to uncover his head and for the female the face and hands.13 The final requirement, that he 14 wears unstitched clothes, for the garments of hajj must be seamless containing no sewing in them. So remember Allah and he will remember you. La ilaha illallah. Allahu akbar. Allahu akbar wa lillahil-hamd.
There are many sunan actions of hajj. The ghusal is sunnah when the pilgrim intends to enter the ihram. To don two new cloths known as izar (waist wrapper) and ridah (cloak), is a sunnah. The pronouncing of talbiyah in an audible voice is also taken from the sunnah. The Tawaf, tawaf-e-qudoom is from the suntan of the Prophet ﷺ. Perform the sunnah. And perform it with sincerity. Verily, the Prophet ﷺ has said: ‘You will be with those, whom you love on the day of Judgement’ 15. La ilaha illallah. Allahu akbar. Allahu akbar wa lillahil-hamd.
1 Quran 3:97
2 Sahih al-Bukhari 1773, chapter 26, Hadith 1
3 Quran 2:158 “The knolls of Safa and Marwah are among the rites decreed by God. Anyone who observes Hajj or `Umrah commits no error by traversing the distance between them. If one volunteers more righteous works, then God is Appreciative, Omniscient.”
4 Quran 2:197
5 Quran 9:36 “The count of months, as far as God is concerned, is twelve. This has been God’s law, since the day He created the heavens and the earth. Four of them are sacred. This is the perfect religion; you shall not wrong your souls (by fighting) during the Sacred Months. However, you may declare all-out war against the idol worshipers (even during the Sacred Months), when they declare all-out war against you, and know that God is on the side of the righteous.”
6 Sunan Abi Dawud 1947, chapter11, Hadith 227
7 Jami’ at-Thirmidhi, chapter 47, Hadith 3241
8 Compulsory actions
9 The sites of stoning (pillars representing where shaitan gave waswasa to Ibrahim (as)), in commemoration of Ibrahim (as) and his test from Allah.
10 The day when a pilgrim sacrifices an animal, also the day of Eid.
Quran 22:36 “The animal offerings are among the rites decreed by God for your own good. You shall mention God’s name on them while they are standing in line. Once they are offered for sacrifice, you shall eat therefrom and feed the poor and the needy. This is why we subdued them for you, that you may show your appreciation.”
11 The days of Tashreeq are the 11th, 12th and 13th of Dhu’l-Hijjah. It is mustahab to recite the talbiyah three times after every fard salah from fair of the 11th until Asr of the 13th. ‘Allahu akbar. Allahu akbar. La ilaha illallah. Allahu akbar. Allahu akbar wa lillahil-hamd.’
12 Designated sites from where one must don their Ihram.
13 It is reported that, Yahya related to me from Malik from Nafi’ that Abdullah ibn Umar (ra) used to say that ‘women in Hiram should neither wear a (face) veil nor gloves’ Muwattah, chapter of Hajj, 15
14 This is only for men
15 Sahih al-Bukhari 3688 chapter 62, Hadith 38
Halima Bint Muhammad Abdul Hannan